The politics of the belly is a term, which attempts to bring into the focus the various undercurrents which help shape African societies, specifically detailing the role played by history, hegemony, governmentality and extroversion.

The proliferation of politics of the belly in Nigeria is less the result of ethnicity and religion as been suggested by schools of thought such as dependence theory, but rather the result of socio-political issues and practices, which undermines the legitimacy and hegemony of the Nigerian state.